(such as redness and swelling where the shot was given)
and go away within a few days. If your child experiences
a reaction at the injection site, use a cool, wet
cloth to reduce redness, soreness, and swelling.
Serious side effects after vaccination, such as severe
allergic reaction, are very rare and doctors and clinic
staff are trained to deal with them. Pay extra attention
to your child for a few days after vaccination. If you see
something that concerns you, call your child’s doctor.
Ensuring Vaccine Safety
The United States’ long-standing vaccine safety
system ensures vaccines are as safe as possible. In fact,
currently, the United States has the safest vaccine supply
in its history.
Safety monitoring begins with the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA), who ensures the safety,
effectiveness, and availability of vaccines for the United
States. Before the FDA approves a vaccine for use
by the public, highly trained FDA scientists and doctors
evaluate the results of studies on the safety and
effectiveness of the vaccine. FDA also inspects the sites
where vaccines are made to make sure they follow
strict manufacturing guidelines.
Although scientists identify most common side
effects of a vaccine in studies before the vaccine is licensed,
they may not detect rare adverse events in
these studies. Therefore, the U.S. vaccine safety system
continuously monitors for possible side effects after
the FDA licenses a vaccine. When millions of people
receive a vaccine, less common side effects that studies
did not identify earlier may occur.
cine against its risks to determine if recommendations
for using the vaccine should change.
The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
(VAERS) is a national system used by scientists at FDA
and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) to collect reports of adverse events (possible
side effects) that happen after vaccination.
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